24hr Live News

banner image

Body Acclimatize

As we all know at sea level, the air pressure sits at about 1 atmosphere as a result of all the air molecules literally sitting on top of the air at such a lower altitude. When you gradually move higher up, there will be fewer and fewer molecules of air exerting downward pressure, causing the air pressure to drop. What this means is that the spaces in-between molecules of air start to increase the higher you go up. As one of these molecules is oxygen, each breath of air we take will have fewer molecules of oxygen – this is what people refer to as ‘thin air’.

Luckily, the body adapts to this unusual situation through four main changes. The first is that your breathing will become more rapid and deeper as your body aims to maintain the same oxygen intake per unit time. Secondly, your body will produce more red blood cells which are responsible for transporting oxygen around your body. Third, your lungs ability to absorb oxygen from the air will increase, and finally an enzyme is secreted that increases the effectiveness of the transfer of oxygen to your tissues.

If you have been living in the Himalayas your whole life, your body will be well accustomed to high altitudes, but for most of us the process of acclimatization will take time. That is why gradual ascent is an essential part of the acclimatization process – as annoying as it may be.

Mountaineers use the term altitude line to explain the arbitrary height up to which everyone won't experience any symptoms of hypoxia . The basic principal of acclimatization is to trek up to, but not exceed this line, and then allow your body to acclimatize to this higher but still safe altitude before progressing to your next altitude line. Let’s say your altitude line is 3,500m, so you ascend to three ,500m without experiencing any symptoms. You then rest at this altitude allowing your body to acclimatise. By subsequent day, your altitude line may now be 4,200m but you exceed that altitude and climb to 4,500m. You start to experience symptoms so you descend back to 4,200m where you are fine and you rest there for a night to let your body acclimatize.
Body Acclimatize Body Acclimatize Reviewed by Top Mountains in the world on January 13, 2020 Rating: 5

No comments:

Powered by Blogger.